OAI-ORE (Object Reuse and Exchange)

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Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) defines standards for the description and exchange of aggregations of Web resources. These aggregations, sometimes called compound digital objects, may combine distributed resources with multiple media types including text, images, data, and video. The goal of these standards is to expose the rich content in these aggregations… Read more »

Open Annotation Model

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The Open Annotation Core Data Model specifies an interoperable framework for creating associations between related resources, annotations, using a methodology that conforms to the Architecture of the World Wide Web. Open Annotations can easily be shared between platforms, with sufficient richness of expression to satisfy complex requirements while remaining simple enough to also allow for… Read more »

RightField

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RightField is an open-source tool for adding ontology term selection to Excel spreadsheets. RightField is used by a ‘Template Creator’ to create semantically aware Excel spreadsheet templates. The Excel templates are then reused by Scientists to collect and annotate their data; without any need to understand, or even be aware of, RightField or the ontologies… Read more »

Data Catalog Vocabulary DCAT

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DCAT is an RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web. This document defines the schema and provides examples for its use. By using DCAT to describe datasets in data catalogs, publishers increase discoverability and enable applications easily to consume metadata from multiple catalogs. It further enables decentralized publishing of… Read more »

myExperiment.org

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myExperiment provides an early example of the use of Research Objects through the use of “packs”. myExperiment packs are represented using OAI-ORE and available as linked data and hence semantically-described for ease of discovery and reuse. They typically contain computational workflows, although this is not essential – the bundles are useful anyway, and this is… Read more »

ISA – Investigation, Study, Assay Framework

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From isacommons.org: At the heart of this open source framework is the general-purpose ISA-Tab file format, built on the ‘Investigation’ (the project context), ‘Study’ (a unit of research) and ‘Assay’ (analytical measurement) metadata categories. The extensible, hierarchical structure of this format enables the representation of studies employing one or a combination of technologies, focusing on the… Read more »

PAV – Provenance, Authoring, and Versioning

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PAV is a lightweight ontology for tracking Provenance, Authoring and Versioning. PAV specializes the W3C provenance ontology PROV-O in order to describe authorship, curation and digital creation of online resources.

Dataset Descriptions: HCLS Community Profile

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Access to consistent, high-quality metadata is critical to finding, understanding, and reusing scientific data. The Dataset Descriptions specification describes a consensus among participating stakeholders in health care and the life sciences domain on the description of datasets using the Resource Description Framework (RDF). The reuses existing vocabularies to that extent that it is possible, and… Read more »

Minimum Information Model

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Minimum Information Checklists (MICs) exist primarily in the Life Sciences as a means of describing a required set of data and metadata in the reporting of a particular class of experiment or type of data. The Biosharing initiative for example currently lists 60+ checklists detailing the report requirements for wide array of Biological experimental data. The motivation… Read more »

Nanopublications

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Nano publications provides a model and vocabulary for describing a scientific statement – along with the context for that statement – in a machine readable manner.   From nanopub.org: A publication is the smallest unit of publishable information: an assertion about anything that can be uniquely identified and attributed to its author. Individual nanopublications can… Read more »